. This paper deals with the mechanical characterization of short bamboo fiber reinforced green composites (BFGC). The effects of thermal shock on the mechanical properties of BFGC were investigated. Their flexural strength was evaluated by 3-point bending test, and Vickers hardness and elastic modulus were evaluated by a nano-indentation method. The fracture surfaces and microstructure of BFGC were examined by SEM. The results of evaluated mechanical properties (3-point bending test) after thermal shock indicated that the strength of BFGC decreased below 40°C, however the strength became constant above 40°C. The Vickers hardness and modulus of elasticity evaluated from the nano-indentation tests also represented a similar trend to that of flexural strength. The fracture surface of thermal shocked BFGC after bending tests indicated the pull-outed bamboo fibers. This might be responsible for insufficient bonding between bamboo fiber and resin.