Recently, terahertz ray imaging has emerged as one of the most promising new powerful nondestructive evaluation (NDE) techniques, and new application systems are under processing development for the area applications. In this study, a new time-domain spectroscopy system was utilized for detecting and evaluating layup effect and flaw in FRP composite laminates. Extensive experimental measurements in reflection mode were made to map out the T-ray images. Especially in this characterization procedure, we estimated the electromagnetic properties such as the refractive index. Estimates of properties are in good agreement with known data. Furthermore layup effect and flaw of FRP composite laminates were observed in reflection mode and limitations will be discussed in the T-ray processing.