The purpose of this paper was to investigate the grinding performance of two types of cobalt and vitrified bond diamond tools produced by the hot press for the vertical flat grinding polycrystalline diamond. The worn diamond type and the diamond protrusion observed by the toolmaker or SEM after grinding under two different feed rates of 1 and 5 mm/min and the depth of cut of 2 µm with total depth of 10µm were studied. In addition, the grinding efficiency and the workpiece surface roughness produced were analyzed as well. The experiment results showed that when the feed rate of 1 mm/min during the flat grinding PCD was used, a lower percentage of the good diamond, a higher percentage of flat diamond and pulled-out hole on the worn surface of the cobalt bond diamond tool were obtained. For the vitrified bond diamond tool, the good diamond produced showed a higher percentage and flat grit and pulled-out hole displayed a relatively lower percentage. This may be due to the result of the relatively moderate strength and grit retention of the vitrified bond. Furthermore, the diamond protrusion and the grinding efficiency produced for the vitrified bond diamond tool were better than those for the cobalt bond tool. And the PCD surface roughness obtained was better as well.