High-carbon high-speed steels (HSS) are extremely abrasion resistant materials due to their high hardness MC type carbide and high hardness martensitic matrix. Different microstructures and mechanical behaviours were obtained after the quenching and tempering temperatures of HSS roll were changed. With air cooling and sodium silicate quenching, when the austenitizing temperature reaches 1273K, the metal matrix all transforms into the martensite, Afterwards, the eutectic carbides dissolve ceaselessly into the metal matrix and its continuous network distribution changes into broken network. The peak hardness temperature of high-carbon HSS is around 1323K, and the second hardening temperature is around 793K. No significant change in tensile strength and elongation percentage was observed unless the tempering temperature is beyond 753K. The tensile strength is increased obviously and the elongation percentage is decreased slightly beyond 753K. However, the tensile strength is decreased and the elongation percentage is increased when the temp exceeds 813K. The high-carbon HSS roll presents excellent abrasion resistance at 793K-813K.