The objective of this paper is to provide basic information on structural behavior of Korea traditional wooden frames under earthquake loading. One of prototype wooden frames for this study was chosen from a designated national treasure in Korea. A series of experimental work were prepared to investigate the behavior and hysteresis characteristics of traditional wooden frames under cyclic lateral loading. Three test specimens of a full scale were performed for cyclic hysteretic behaviors based on one static test specimen as a pilot test. The experimental observation showed stiffness degradations and slips after experiencing initial yield point and the first cycle at a new larger displacement due to inherent gaps in connections between columns and connection parts of beams and a gradual indentation of interfaces under pull and push. Addition of structural components such as an upper beam and clay-filled wall to the basic beam and columns increased the initial stiffness, strength and energy dissipation than those of basic frames. The behaviors of the wooden frames were simulated by DRAIN-2DX program for the dynamic analysis of an entire wooden frame system. Comparison between analysis models and the experimental behaviors showed that the behavior of wooden frames under consideration could be represented by a combination of link and truss elements. The maximum response of a wooden frame system under three earthquakes showed a safe behavior for a potential earthquake.