A detection device was designed to detect the poultry meat edible quality. The detection device is the electromechanical integration equipment which is integrated with x-ray technology, visible light technology and induced fluorescence technology. The device not only can overcome the disadvantages that the conventional measure methods have destructiveness to the samples, and consume the long time of the detection, etc, but also can detect the multiple quality indexes simultaneously. The detection device is composed of the frames, the transmission control system, the X-ray detection system, the visible light detection system and the induced fluorescence detection system, etc. The device can greatly increase the judging ability for comprehensive quality of poultry meat and realize the fast and non-destructive testing to poultry meat edible quality.