In this paper, frictional behaviors of tool, workpiece and chip in turning particulate reinforced iron-based composites were investigated. Experimental results reveal that in frictional process, the frictional coefficient decreases with the normal force increasing or with the reinforcement content decreasing. In turning process, the variation rule of such parameter is just similar to that of frictional process, but frictional force and average frictional coefficient on rake face are more than that of frictional process. Meanwhile, the frictional mechanism of cutting tool and material is also studied. It indicates that adhesion occurs on tool-chip interface. The intense scratching of reinforcing particulates blocks the formation of adhesion layer and makes the frictional coefficient decrease, on the other hand, it increases the sliding resistance of chip, which makes the frictional coefficient increase. Since the latter is dominant, the tool-chip frictional coefficient increases with the increase in reinforcing particulates.