Stress wave based technology has its special advantages in the field of wood nondestructive testing and quality evaluation. To analysis the propagating properties of stress wave in the wood material, a transmitting model in anisotropic material was introduced in rectangular and cylindrical polar coordinate system. The relationship between stress wave propagation and elastic constants was shown. The propagating of stress wave in wood material and the possible solutions with different parameters were studied. The transmitting character of stress wave in symmetry planes was analyzed, and the elastic constants of woods were used to compute the stress wave propagation in wood material.