In order to reveal the influence of acidic gas SO2 and CaO etc alkali substances which are contained in industrial furnaces smoke to the strength of PSA fiber, tests are made in different acid and alkali conditions, and the changes of its surface morphology were observed by scanning electron microscope (SEM). The results show that: PSA has better acid corrosion resistance than alkali corrosion resistance. Its acid corrosion resistance is similar to the domestic aramid. PSA is better than Nomex in the concentration of 5% H2SO4. Its alkali corrosion resistance is worse than domestic aramid. The retention rate of breaking strength drop to 60.80% and 69.52% respectively after treated in the concentration of 5% H2SO4 for 48 hours and in the concentration of 5% NaOH for 4 hours. The elongation rate decline to 68.14% and 40.22% respectively, and the elongation rate fell to 68.14% and 40.22% respectively. Therefore, the PSA must be dealt against corrosion when used in strong acid or alkali environment.