By means of HAAKE RS105L cone and plate rheometer the rheological behavior of heterocyclic aramid concentrated solution, including viscous flow activation energy, non-Newtonian index, structural viscosity index of the heterocyclic aramid solution were studied. The effect of concentration and temperature of the solution and molecular weight of the polymer on its non-Newtonian behavior was investigated. The results showed that heterocyclic aramid concentrated solution prepared via low temperature condensation was non-Newtonian fluid. With the decrease of temperature, increase of solution concentration and heterocyclic aramid molecular weight, the deviation of the solution from Newtonian behavior decreased. The molecular weight of the polymer and the concentration of the solution affected the non-Newtonian behavior more intensively.