The self-assembly behaviour of a novel cationic porphyrin-anthraquione (Por-AQ) hybrid ([AQATMPyP]I3) on highly oriented pyrolytic graphite (HOPG) was studied at room temperature in air by scanning tunneling microscopy(STM). According to theoretical calculation, it is testified that [AQATMPyP]I3 molecule mainly exists in the closed structure. The STM results reveal the presence of large-scale domains of ordered adlayer of this hybrid compound on HOPG. The STM images show a structure constituted by parallel rows. The width of each row is approximately 2.5nm.