Nanoclay/polylactide(PLA) nanocomposite was produced by the electrospinning process. The influences of nanoclays on the morphology and mechanical properties of the nanocomposite were investigated. The morphology and mechanical property of the nanocomposite were evaluated by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and microtensile testing. SEM images revealed that submicron scale nanoclay/PLA nanocomposite fibers were fabricated and the introduction of nanoclay reduced the diameter of the nanofibers and improved the uniformity of the fibers. The addition of 1% nanoclay in PLA nanofibers leaded to simultaneous increases in the tensile strength, elongation at break and modulus for the PLA nanocomposite mat.