In this study, effects of Modified Atmosphere (MA) packaging on the quality of rice after a long term storage at room temperature have been investigated. PVC films with different thicknesses and woven bag were used as the package materials for rice samples. Results showed that MA packaging had a significant effect on the quality of the rice. After an extended period of storage, the rice in woven bag showed most severe quality deterioration compared to those stored in PVC packages. Rice packed in 0.05 mm PVC film package has the lowest value of total acid among all samples. The increase of fatty acid content in rice packed in 0.03 mm film, 0.05 mm film, 0.08 mm film and 0.12 mm film was 38.58 mg KOH/100g, 18.96 mg KOH/100g, 26.83 mg KOH/100g and 32.64 mg KOH/100g, respectively. The volatile aldehyde components accumulated in the stored rice are mainly acetaldehyde, valeraldehyde and hexanal. Small package with a MA has obvious benefits in regulating the metabolism and accumulation of volatile aldehyde components in the rice. Rice samples stored in a package of 0.05mm film had the lowest value of volatile aldehyde, while those in 0.03mm film had the highest value. This study suggests that MA packaging with a PVC film of 0.05 mm shows the best effects in maintaining the quality of rice after an extended period of storage (3 to 5 years).