The Fe3Al/Al2O3 composites were fabricated by pressureless sintering process. The Fe3Al intermetallics compounds powders were fabricated by mechanical alloying and heat treatment, then the Fe3Al powders and Al2O3 powders were mixed and the Fe3Al/Al2O3 composite powders were prepared, so the Fe3Al/Al2O3 composites were fabricated by sintering process at 1700oC for 2h. The phase composition and microstructure of Fe3Al intermetallics compounds powders produced by mechanical alloying and heat treatment were investigated. The phase composition, microstructure and mechanical properties of the Fe3Al/Al2O3 composites sintered bulks were investigated. The XRD patterns results showed that there existed Fe3Al phase and Al2O3 phase in the sintered composites. The Fe3Al/Al2O3 composites sintered bulks exhibited the homogenous and compact microstructure, the Fe3Al particles were homogenously distributed in the Al2O3 matrix, the mean particles size of Fe3Al intermetallics was about 3-5μm. The Fe3Al/Al2O3 composites exhibited more homogenous and compact microstructure with the increase of Fe3Al content in the Al2O3 matrix. The density and relative density of the Fe3Al/Al2O3 composites increased gradually with the increase of Fe3Al content. The fracture strength and fracture toughness of the Fe3Al/Al2O3 composites increased gradually with the increase of Fe3Al content. The elastic modulus and hardness (HRA) of the Fe3Al/Al2O3 composites decreased gradually with the increase of Fe3Al content.