The application of thermoelastic stress analysis in composite materials is particularly complicated because of the anisotropy of the material, which determines the thermoelastic effect to be depended on the material property and mechanical performance. This paper describes a theoretical and experimental analysis on full-filed stress distribution from thermoelastic measurements and its application to determination of stress concentration. The sum of the principal stress can be measured by Thermal Stress Analysis (TSA). Lock-in Thermography has been applied to measure the sum of principal stress distribution of component structure by its high thermal resolving. In this study, Experiments were carried out with GFRP composite ply and foam materials under cyclic load. The thermoelastic constant is obtained for GFRP and foam composite materials. The stress concentration is analyzed for a specimen with a hole. The experimental results show the stress distribution can be measured and analyzed using Lock-in thermography. It is found that the composite material structure stress can be evaluated with good accuracies by lock in thermography.