Al-NaI radioactive transmutation target was prepared by powder metallurgy. The existing way of the phase of target was analyzed by the application of XRD and its microstructure and morphology was observed by SEM. Then EDS was used for micro-area energy spectrum analysis and the property of target with different NaI was measured and compared. The results show that NaI is uniformly distributed within the aluminum matrix. The relative density and bending strength of transmutation targets decrease with the increasing content of NaI. The hardness and electrical resistivity of transmutation targets increase with the increasing content of NaI.