SiC nanoparticles reinforced AZ61 magnesium composites were fabricated by Ultrasonic method. The distribution of nanoparticles in the matrix and the fracture morphology of the composites were observed by SEM, and the mechanical properties of the composites were tested at room temperature. Experimental shows that SiC nanoparticles were dispersed well in the matrix with the pretreatment method. Compared with the matrix, the tensile strength and hardness of the composites were improved respectively. Meanwhile, the ductility of the composites didn’t be obviously decreased. The enhancement function of nano composites was predicted with the dislocation strengthening and Orowan dispersion strengthening mechanisms. The predicted results coincided well with experimental ones.