The steady thermal stress distributions and effect factors in a ZrO2/FGM/Ti-6Al-4V composite ECBC plate with temperature-dependent material properties under convective heat transfer boundary were investigated by the NFEM and the Sinpson method. From numerical calculation, when , T0=300K, Ta=350K and Tb=1 750K, the thermal stress distributions in the composite FGM plate were obtained. The results are as follows. With the increase of the FGM gradient layer thickness and when M=1, the temperature distributions in the composite plate are more reasonable. With the increase of the FGM gradient layer M, the thermal stresses on the ceramic surface tend toward reduction, and compared with the thermal stress of M=0.2, the thermal stress of M =5 reduces by 17.8%. When we take into account the effect of temperature-dependent material properties, compared with the results of constant material properties, the maximum compressive stress on the surface of metal reduces by 74.2%, and the maximum compressive stress on the surface of ceramics reduces by 45.3%. With the increase of FGM layer porosity P, the change of stress at the bonding interface of the three-layered plate increases, and the stress curves appear peak values. Compared with A=0, when A=3.99, the compressive thermal stress on the metal surface reduces by 42.0%, and the compressive thermal stress on the ceramic surface increases by 154.7%. Compared with the nongraded two-layered ceramic/metal composite plate, the thermal stress of the ZrO2/FGM/ Ti-6Al-4V composite plate is very gentle. Compared with , when , the maximum compressive stress on the surface of metal reduces by 49.98%, and the maximum compressive stress on the surface of ceramics increases by 182.3%. The results provide the foundations of theoretical calculation for the design and application of the composite plate.