Axial turning-grinding is a processing method to cut the cylindrical workpiece along its axis, using the kinetic energy of high-speed rotation annularity tool, the abrasives in tool tip as the main cutting edge to remove materials and the abrasives in the outside surface of tool as a minor cutting edge to sharpen the processed surface. Comparing with concentric axial turning-grinding, eccentric axial turning-grinding has higher efficiency. The result indicated that cutting thickness and feed rate could be more than 5~10mm and 200mm/min respectively in a cutting, realizing high-efficiency, low-cost processing of engineering ceramics. According to axial force, chips’ shape and damage degree of surface to be processed, obtaining the proper feed rate range. Removal mechanism analyses showed that both median/radial cracks and lateral cracks occurred in the part to be removed, and the intensity of the processed part had little destroyed, only needing adjust axial force to control the length of transverse cracks.