The adsorption of cadmium in simulated wastewater by chitosan was investigated. The influence of temperature, contact time and pH on adsorption efficiency of cadmium was examined. Some related mathematical models were used in the fitting of experimental data. The results showed that at room temperature, the optimum pH of adsorption is between 4 and 7. At lower pH values, a strong competition existed between cadmium ions and protons for sorption sites and the sorption efficiency was decreased. After 60 minutes the adsorption equilibrium can be achieved. Chitosan is very effective at removing cadmium with the maximum adsorption capacity is 112.05mg•g-1. The adsorption kinetic curves agree with the pseudo-second-order adsorption kinetic equations and the adsorption isotherms could be well described by Langmuir isotherm equations.