The main purpose of damage inspection of the bridge components is to ensure the safety of a bridge and to identify any maintenance, repair, or strengthening which that need to be carried out. The essential damages that occur in reinforced concrete bridge include different type of cracks, scalling and spalling of concrete, corrosion of steel reinforcement, deformation, excessive deflection, and stain. The main objectives of this study are to inspect the appearance of Jiamusi highway prestressed concrete bridge and describe all the damages in the bridge structural components, and to evaluate the structural performance of the bridge structure under dead and live loads. The field tests that are adopted in this study are the depth of concrete carbonation test, compressive strength of concrete test, corrosion of steel reinforcement test, and static load test. According to inspection of the bridge structure appearance, the overall states of bridge structure in good and there are not serious damages, but there are diagonal and longitudinal cracks in the inside web of box girder within block No.8 and 9. Expansion joints suffer from serious damage such as deformation of expansion joint rubber, dislocating, shedding, and cracking. The field test results show that the concrete of the bridge structure has not carbonation; the strength of concrete in good state; there is not corrosion in steel reinforcement; The values of load test for vertical deflection, strain, and stress are less than the theoretical values and the results of cracks observation show that there is not changing in the length of diagonal cracks in the web of box girder when the load test is applied. This indicates that the working state and carrying capacity of the bridge structure in good state.