The loads of reinforced concrete buildings are bore by shores and early age concrete members during construction. In order to analysis the distribution of vertical load between concrete members and shores, the approximate method was developed based on the finite element method and simplified method. According to the process of construction, seven primary structures were brought forward in the approximate method. The coefficients of vertical load distribution between concrete members and shores are confirmed through the finite element method. The loads of concrete members and shores could be obtained conveniently through the distribution coefficients. Three shoring systems (2S, 2S1R and 3S) could be calculated by the approximate method, so the suitable shoring systems for reinforced concrete buildings would be confirmed.