Based on the geological conditions of culvert of the South to North Water Transfer Project, lining temperature field of hydraulic tunnel for crack control is simulated by finite element software—ANSYS. According to numerical analysis results of lining temperature field, considering terrain condition, structural characteristics and climate, some engineering measures are taken during construction. Internal temperature of concrete is controlled effectively, concrete crack caused by temperature changes is solved successfully, and construction quality is assured. The difference of measuring data in-situ and calculating data is very small, which illustrate that calculated model is correct and parameters are reasonable. The results can act as reference for the design and construction of similar projects later.