The cyclic loading test of three steel high performance concrete(SHPC) structural walls was conducted and the failure pattern of the structural walls under the combined effect of axial force, bending moment, and shear force was researched. Based on the experimental results, the displacement-based deformation capacity design method was proposed for SHPC structural walls. It is obtained for the interrelated relationships among the ultimate drift ratio, the axial load ratio, the characteristic value of stirrup content and the aspect ratio. It is concluded that the increasing the characteristic value of stirrup content and limiting the axial load ratio were effective means to improve ductility. The characteristic value of stirrup content of SHPC structural walls with different ultimate drift ratio and axial load ratio were proposed and the conclusion can be referred by the design of SHPC structural walls.