According to the contrast test of LC30, LC40 lightweight aggregate concrete and C30, C40 common concrete , the text researched the mechanical property of lightweight aggregate concrete and ordinary concrete in the same strength grade and obtained the regularity of stress-strain curve of lightweight aggregate concrete in different strength grade. Then we contrasted the experimental results and planning model, analysed the difference, and suggested that the standards should improve the descent stage of the stress-strain curve of lightweight aggregate concrete combined with correlative experiments data, and give the equation of the descent stage of stress-strain curves. Concrete material in axial compression is the basic physical mechanical performance of concrete material, and is the main basis for researching bearing capacity and deformation of concrete construction. The stress-strain relationship is all-around macroscopic reaction of basal compressive property . There have been many experiments work about the stress-strain relationship of lightweight aggregate concrete at home and abroad , and found the peak strain of lightweight aggregate concrete is higher than that of ordinary concrete in the context of same peak stress .In this paper, on the basis of experimental investigations of lightweight aggregate concrete , aim at the stress-strain relationship ,we have take comparison experiment about LC30,LC40 lightweight aggregate concrete and C30,C40 ordinary concrete , and sort out stress-strain curve under the condition of the shaft center being compressed, so get the average tress-strain curve of LC30,LC40 lightweight aggregate concrete , and analyse the curve.