Axial compression experiments of eighteen concrete-filled GFRP tube (CFFT) and concrete-filled GFRP reinforced steel tube (CFFST) specimens in total have been carried out to study their mechanical behaviors. Experimental results show that, GFRP tubes with different filament-wound angles could enhance the strength and ductility of core concrete at different levels. Fibers with hoop directions provide the best confinement and enhance the ultimate strength up to 266% comparing with unconfined concrete columns. Fibers with ±45° winding angles have minor effects on bearing capacity, but greatly improve the ductility of concrete columns. Compared with CFST columns, GFRP reinforced CFST columns with hoop direction fibers increase the bearing capacity of 35.0%, and the fibers along 45° winding angles could enhance by 17.5%. The mechanical behavior and the failure modes of the six experimental group specimens are also discussed in this paper.