Steel-concrete interface skid resistance properties have been studied by orthogonal test. Three factors are considered, including glue amount, silicon carbide mesh, and amount of silicon carbide. For each factor, five levels are selected. Through comparative analyses of the experiment results for each factor and the combinations of the levels of the factors, the combination with the optimal interface skid resistance was obtained. The friction coefficient with consideration of glue cohesive force was also determined. The research results provide references for structure strengthening using adhered steel plates and external prestressing.