This paper illustrates the results of an experimental study on the bending performance of concrete beams strengthened with near-surface mounted (NSM) FRP reinforcement. The critical parameter of the embedded length of NSM-FRP plates was investigated in particularly. The test results indicated that NSM-FRP reinforcement can significantly improve the strength and crack resistance capacity of the concrete beam, reducing the size of cracks. The embedded length of the NSM-FRP plate has distinct influence on the cracking and bending capacity, the flexural stiffness, and the crack developments of the concrete beam. As the embedded length increased, the bending capacity and the flexural stiffness increased correspondingly and the crack developed more intensively.