The theory of performance-based seismic design (PBSD) is the key issue for the modern earthquake engineering research. With comparison of the traditional prescriptive seismic design code based on the bearing capacity design, the PBSD method presents the specific performance object for the buildings. On the base of the background and development of the PBSD about reinforced concrete (RC) structures, some researches and design approaches of PBSD were proposed for the concrete-filled steel tubular (CFST) structures based on the research results on PBSD of RC structures and the mechanical behavior of CFST structures. Some theory analysis was performed to investigate the PBSD performance of CFST structures. This is referred to further study on PBSD for CFST structures.