Park-Ang seismic damage model is increasingly concerned due to it considers not only maximum elasto-plastic deformation, but also low cycle fatigue accumulated hysteretic energy, while research on the method of seismic performance evaluation based on the model is still rare. Therefore, a new evaluation method on the basis of damage spectra is proposed in this paper. Damage spectra of site I considering three kinds of ultimate deformation ductility factor are built firstly, and then transformation relationship between damage of MDOF and SDOF of frame structures is researched. Lastly, procedure of seismic damage evaluation on the structure is proposed. An example is used to confirm the validity of the spectra-based seismic performance evaluation method. The example analysis shows that: the method proposed here is reasonable to consider the impact of the cumulative hysteretic energy on the structural damage. The results from the method have good consistency with the time history analysis results. It can assess the extent of structural damage from the statistical viewpoint.