By setting cables and struts in place in the single-layer cylindrical latticed shell, a new-style prestressed spatial steel structure--cable supported barrel vault structure is constructed, the static load test research on which is carried out for the first time in this paper. Based on the prototype building, a scale model with the scale of 1:15 is designed and manufactured for the test. The research results indicate, the static behavior of the prototype structure can be reflected approximately by this scale model. The static behavior of the single-layer cylindrical latticed shell is improved significantly by adding cables and struts, i.e., the cable supported barrel vault structure is a kind of highly efficient prestressed spatial steel structure. Compared with the case of full-span load, the half-span load makes the cable supported barrel vault structure unsafer.