The long concrete bedding cushions are more vulnerable to cracking than the dam concrete, even the cushion is much shorter than the dam block, especially those constructed in hot season and the off period lasts long. The cracking mechanism of such cushion is studied and presented in this paper. There are several reasons contribute to the cracks of bedding cushion, but the thermal stress is the main factor. The temperature distribution is always unevenly during the construction period of bedding cushion. During the long off period, temperature drop in local high temperature zone, temperature fluctuation and temperature difference between inside and surface are the main factors causing cracks for bedding cushion without proper thermal control measures. Some thermal control measures are always used in practical engineering, but it can not always effectively prevent bedding cushion from cracking. Reasonable water pipes cooling measure, which can prevent local high temperature at the early age of construction, and effective heat preservation measures in cold season, which can reduce temperature difference between inside and surface and temperature fluctuation, are necessary to prevent cracking. One bedding cushion of concrete dam is numerically stimulated by 3D FEM, and effective temperature control measure is proposed in this paper.