Tunnel lining concrete segment is the most critical and important structural member of shield tunneling. This investigation designed and produced high-performance composite concrete segment (HCCS). Some key indexes that affect the properties of segment were tested, such as impermeability, volume stability, mechanical property, etc. The results indicated that the impermeability of HCCS concrete cover was excellent and the chloride diffusion coefficient decreased one order of magnitude compared to that of the ordinary segment concrete cover, while the service-life of HCCS increased more than ten-fold. The volume stability of HCCS concrete cover and concrete structure layer were good and the better compatibility in the volume deformation of the whole structure was shown. Furthermore, the mechanical properties of concrete cover and concrete structure layer met the project requirement perfectly, ensuring the higher durability and longer service-life of HCCS effectively.