Ultra high toughness cementitious composite (UHTCC) is a newly developed, high performance, fiber-reinforced cementitious composite with substantial benefit in both high ductility and improved durability due to its tight crack width. The failure pattern of UHTCC exhibits saturated multiple fine cracks, so the durability of structures will be improved markedly by utilizing UHTCC partly or entirely instead of concrete. In this study, a total of 20 beams, including reinforced concrete beams that the cover zone was replaced by UHTCC (the thickness is 15mm, not containing reinforcement, and 50mm, containing reinforcement, respectively), reinforced concrete beams and reinforced UHTCC beams, had been manufactured. A power supply was used to accelerate the corrosion process of reinforcing bars, inducing different degrees of corrosion (the corrosion ratio was 1%, 2%, 4% and 5%) into reinforcing bars. The time of the cracks occurred and the crack width were recorded and the beams having different corrosion ratios of reinforcing bars were then tested under four-point bending for their load-deflection relations. The results showed that UHTCC could restrict the corrosion expansive crack of cover effectively, convert the crack pattern, and delay the appearance of first corrosion expansive crack, thereby to raise the service life of reinforcement concrete structures or components. Meanwhile, the bending test of beams after accelerated corrosion showed that the beams with a cover replaced by 50mm UHTCC and reinforced UHTCC having smaller amount of strength reduction and a reasonable ductile failure after corrosion. The experimental results showed that UHTCC could effectively delay the cover expansive cracking due to corrosion of reinforcing bars retain the ductile properties of reinforced concrete beams after reinforcing bar corroded.