Lots of primary or secondary structural planes in similar soil surrounding rock are the main difference with Quaternary soil surrounding rock, but the particularity isn’t considered in the analysis of tunnel stability. The fact, which similar soil surrounding rock has most weak structural planes, is testified by engineering examples. The influence of structural plane in similar soil surrounding rock on excavation stability was analyzed through combining theory with disintegration test and numerical calculation. The research results show that there are a lot of structural planes in similar soil surrounding rock. The angle between structural planes and tunnel axes and shearing strength of structural planes control the stability of tunnel. Disintegration time of soil is shortened due to structural planes. On a certain condition, structural planes can induce local collapse in soil surrounding rock while excavating.