Full-automatic concrete pressure machine and 100-mm-diameter split Hopkinson pressure bar (SHPB) apparatus were used to investigate quasi-static and dynamic energy absorption property of ceramic fiber reinforced concrete (CRFRC) subjected to various high strain rates, which is compared to carbon fiber reinforced concrete at the same volume fraction of 0.1%, 0.2% and 0.3%. And the absorbing mechanism of CRFRC is analyzed. The results show that the quasi-static energy-absorption property of CRFRC increases with the volume of ceramic fiber and the relation presents linear approximations; the specific energy absorption of ceramic fiber reinforced concrete is strain rate-dependent dynamic strength-dependent under impact load, and the effect can be expressed by linear approximations. And the strain rate is more distinct when volume fraction of ceramic fiber increases. The energy absorption property of ceramic fiber reinforced concrete is superior to plain and carbon fiber reinforced concrete, especially at higher strain rate and volume.