This study adds nanopowder, such as ZnO and TiO2, in different concentrations to water-based woodenware coating, and explores the properties of the coating on the woodenwares. After the coating has been applied to the testing materials, the thickness and lightness are measured. These values are compared to the properties of the water-based woodenware coating with nanopowder of specific concentration, such as hardness, lightness and adhesion. According to the results of the experiments, adding TiO2 nanopowder to the AE-418 water-soluble polyurethane coating helps to increase the hardness of the coating. The amount added is positively related to the hardness of the coating; the result is the opposite with the WP-1715 water-soluble acrylic resin coating. After adding powder such as TiO2 or ZnO to the AE-418 water-soluble polyurethane coating, the lightness of the coating becomes lower. However, powder with higher concentration leads to higher lightness. In addition, the adhesion of the coating is stronger when nanopowder of higher concentration is added.