In the investigation of the universities counselor’s contradiction and bepuzzlement in work and competence, this paper obtain the following results by sample survey of counselors and statistical analysis of profession and competence. Counselors own identity on their career will affect the counselor’s ability. The awareness of the importance of counselor’s ability is by the impact of different occupations. And the difference of this understanding in turn will affect the career development of counselors. The development law of the universities counselor’s profession and competence is explored. According to the analysis and the research, a scientific evaluation system for counselor’s ability is established, which is consistent with the needs of counselors, and is the key to building professionalism for the counselors.