CNTs/AlN ceramics were fabricated by hot-pressing sintering process. The fracture toughness was measured by indentation method. The morphologies of indentation cracks were analyzed by SEM. The results show that the facture toughness of AlN was slightly improved because appreciate toughening mechanisms such as CNTs pull-out, crack bridging and deflect operate in CNTs/AlN. In addition, the facture toughness of CNTs/AlN increased with increasing CNTs content up to 3wt%. Then, the fracture toughness decrease when the CNTs content is 4wt%.