Flame sprayed ceramic coatings on the wall of coke oven are characterized before and after melting. The attempt has been made to investigate thermal shock resistant, carbon deposit resistant, wear resistant of the coated and melted samples. The techniques used are SEM and XRD. The results show that: 1) Presence of quartz, corundum and mullite are identified in the surface of the coated specimen. Good adhesion between the coating and the substrate is caused by presence of quartz which is the same content as the substrate.2) The thermal shock resistance cycles of the coating samples are 15 ~ 30 times, but uncoated samples are only 1~2 times. The main reason is that he coating–substrate interface shows no gaps or cracks, and it has a characteristic feature of good adhesion between the coating and the substrate. 3) The wear resistance of the coated samples are better than that of the uncoated samples because glass-coating is more smooth than the uncoated specimen and the mullite and corundum in the coating have the high hardness value that makes the hardness of the coating increased.