Iridium (Ir) could be taken as high temperature protective coating for the refractory metals. Ir coating was deposited on the surface of molybdenum (Mo) substrate by double glow plasma. Thermal stability of the coating was investigated at 1400°C for 90 min, while Ar gas was inputted to hold the vacuum pressure. The microstructure of the surface and interface of the Ir coating were observed by SEM and TEM. The phase transition of the coating was determined by X-ray diffraction. Many micropores and microbubbles appeared in the surface of the as-heat treated coating. The interfacial reaction between the Mo substrate and Ir coating occurred during heat treatment, and Ir21.5Mo8.5 phase was formed at 1400°C. The experimental results indicated that the integrity of the Ir coating was not degraded after heat treatment.