In terms of the characteristics of Beijing masonry Structure, the quasi-static test is performed to the rural single-storey brick structure in the study. There are four sets of test specimens discussed in the paper. The first and second specimens are the unreinforced wall with different mortar strength and used for reference purpose, the others are the specimens which are strengthened by using steel mesh mortar and reinforced concrete columns with ring beam respectively. The testing phenomena of all specimens are compared in the paper. Meanwhile, the three parameters of lateral load resistance，hysteretic curve and deformability capacity are concerned in comparison process. Moreover, the mechanism of resistance and energy dissipation capacity of both reinforcement methods are analyzed in the study, and then the steel mesh mortar will be a proper method to use in the Beijing rural brick building seismic reinforcement. The systematic analysis in the paper provides theory basis on the seismic reinforcement in the Beijing rural reconstruction.