High surface area porous silicon carbide was synthesized by employing polymethylhydrosiloxane (PMHS) as soft template in the sol-gel process. In the sol-gel method, furfuryl alcohol and tetraethoxysilane were used respectively as carbon and silicon precursors for preparing a carbonaceous silica xerogel. PMHS was employed as pore-adjusting agent in the sol-gel process. The puriﬁed SiC sample was characterized by XRD、FTIR、SEM、HRTEM and BET. The results show that the SiC products are found to have high specific surface area of 125 m2 /g and an average pore diameter of about 17 nm. PMHS has important effect on the surface area of the SiC products.