For the situation that concrete engineering required rapid and timely repair after nature disaster, setting time and influencing factors of phosphate rapid repair material were studied in this paper. The results showed that setting time of phosphate rapid repair material increased a little with increase of water and binder ratio but the setting time was short. When water and binder ratio was less than 0.20 setting time was less than 3min. Setting time was shorted with reducing of P/M. Setting time was from 2min30s to 5min when P/M was reduced from 1:0.6 to 1:4. Setting time of phosphate cement increase a little mixed with fly ash, slag or portland cement but effect of their content on setting time was little. Setting time of phosphate rapid repair material increased with increase of B/M. When content was greated than 12% the setting time was longer than 20min. Fly ash, slag and portland cement can reduce setting time of phosphate cement with borax obviously.