Some functional luminol derivatives with aromatic substituted groups have been designed and synthesized from the reaction of the corresponding aromatic acyl chloride precursors with luminol. It has been found that depending on the size of aromatic groups, the formed luminol derivatives showed different properties, indicating distinct regulation of molecular skeletons. UV and IR data confirmed commonly the formation of imide group as well as aromatic segment in molecular structures. Thermal analysis showed that the thermal stability of luminol derivatives with p-phthaloyl segment was the highest in those derivatives. The difference of thermal stability is mainly attributed to the formation of imide group and aromatic substituent groups in molecular structure. The present results have demonstrated that the special properties of luminol derivatives can be turned by modifying molecular structures of objective compounds with proper substituted groups, which show potential application in functional material field and ECL sensor.