The palladium-based combustion catalysts on cordierite honeycomb ceramics (CHC) substrate without interlayer film (Pd/CHC) were prepared by electroless plating method. By means of scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and BET specific surface area, it was found that the palladium phases on the prepared catalyst after calcination treatment at 500°C were well dispersed on substrate with small and uniform particles. The X-ray diffraction, energy dispersion X-rays (EDX) analysis, adherence test and temperature programmed reduction (H2-TPR) analysis further indicated that the palladium phase had good adherence strength on the surface of CHC substrate and the moderate ratio of metallic Pd and PdO phase was only obtained on the catalyst calcined at 500°C . Moreover, the results of activity tests for toluene combustion showed that the 0.24%Pd/CHC catalyst had good low temperature catalytic activity and temperature-resistance property. The total combustion temperature (T90) for toluene over catalyst calcined at 300, 500 and 900°C was at 239, 225 and 233°C respectively. And the toluene conversion could keep up above 97% during the stability test of Pd/CHC catalyst at 230°C for 105 h, indicating the good catalytic stability of the prepared catalyst.