The luminescence and gamma-ray detection properties of the new cerium-doped rare-earth scintillator lutetium-yttrium oxyorthosilicate ( Lu1.95Y0.05SiO5:Ce, LYSO:Ce) were investigated and compared to those of cerium-doped yttrium oxyorthosilicate ( Y2SiO5:Ce, YSO:Ce) crystal. The light yield and energy resolution were measured using photomultiplier tube (PMT) readout. The non-proportionality of the light yield and energy resolution versus γ-ray energy were measured and the intrinsic resolution of the crystals was calculated. In spite of significant progress in light yield and luminescence properties, the energy resolution of LYSO:Ce appears to still suffer from an excess variance in the number of scintillation photons. The mass attenuation coefficient of LYSO:Ce and YSO:Ce for 662 keV gamma rays was also measured by transmission method and compared with the theoretical values calculated by WinXCom program.