The wire electrical discharge machining (WEDM) technology is widely used in the field of mold industry, aerospace, automobile and so on. However, in the discharge machining, the electrode wire wear will affect the machining accuracy and machining efficiency. There are many factors that affect the electrode wire wear, and cutting many work-piece and precise surveying are needed in the wear experiment, so the whole experiment is complex. This article analyzed the wear mechanism and found the main reason of affect the electrode wire wear by using the ANSYS software to do the temperature field simulation. The simulation parameters and simulation results were verified through experiments. The experiment showed that appropriate ratio of peak current and pulse width and the slow current rise slope can reduce the electrode wire wear significantly.