In this paper, numerical simulation of a new type enhanced heat transfer burner was carried out by using the CFD commercial software FLUENT. Standard κ-ε turbulent model, P-1 radiation model and PDF diffusion combustion model were used to predict the influence of the combustor’s structure change on its performance in the combustion process. The results showed that: The added necking down at the outlet of the combustion chamber can significantly enhanced the jet action of the flue gas, the high speed flow flue gas formed a forced convection cyclical field, convective heat transfer rate was increased greatly and the temperature distribution in the furnace became more uniform, which guaranteed an excellent heating effect. New type of staged air distribution can promote the mixing of the fuel and air. Further more, it can improve the flame length to prevent the local overheating phenomenon during the combustion process. On the basis of the same total sectional areas, the added number of the jet orifice can also promote the mixing of the fuel and air to enhance the thermal intensity and thermal efficiency of the furnace.