Higher speed and loading capacity of trains nowadays have aroused higher ability of crashworthiness, which could be effectively improved by well-designed energy absorbing structures. The thin-walled components, the most traditional and effective energy absorbing device, have been widely used for design of energy absorbing device. As a result, the thin-walled components are used as an example to examine the process of axial compression of it. A comparison of a dynamic compressing simulation on fold-collapse tube and the experimental result of it is made, which shows the two matches very well. Based on this comparison, a further research and optimization on the thin-walled energy absorbing components is implemented. With the material modal and finite element modal of this component, a research on the simulation of PAM-CRASH, the crashing finite element Software, is implemented on such component with different shapes of cross-section, different thickness and square cross-sections with single-cell and multi-cell. What's more, suggestions on such thin-walled components energy absorbing structure is given based on the analysis of the parameters of the simulation.